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Explaining Time through Hiranyagarbha...

Taking a break from Aditya Hrdayam Series, posting this video that explains Time using Hiranyagarbha, the four dimensional spacetime.

This is my son's contribution to Breakthrough Junior Challenge starting today. The challenge is to explain a science concept simplistically in 3 mins.

He has tried to explain the concept of 'time' using Hiranyagarbha, the four dimensional spacetime.

As part of Aditya Hrdayam Series, will be explaining the Hiranyagarbha suktam later.

Please watch, share, feedback on the youtube video.
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Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 1.4.8

Background - Sloka 1.4.1 to 1.4.7 Atma existed before any kinds of Purusa. Atma is the ‘manas’ as it ‘sees itself. It was all alone. It is also the ‘aham’ that exists before any expression. Now we use the word ‘aham’ to indicate ourself, as 'aham' is the 'Self' or 'Atma' in us.

That which is the previous of all, in which everything is digested, that is Purusha. It does not have desire to manifest or evolve.

Our manas develops a fear, which arises from being alone. Fear comes when there is more than one. So the manas has nothing to fear if it is all alone. Similarly Atma also does not have any fear in being all alone.

When Atma is alone, there is no enjoyer and enjoyed. The 'desire' to enjoy and be enjoyed triggers manifestation from the unmanifest Atma. Thus manifestation happens out of desire and not out of fear.

Atma tore apart separating the male and female due to this desire to be the enjoyer and enjoyed.  Yajnavalkya says Stri was torn apart like …

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad- Realizing Atma - Part 2

Background The Atma that the pravrAjina/brAhmana desire to realize, for which they wander/perform Yajna/dAna/destructive tapas or learn verses, is not capturable, not perceivable, not attachable, not interactive, not affected by our actions or inactions.
So actions in this Universe that we perform to realize that Atman, like bhikSa-carya/yajna/dAna/destructive tapas/learn verses are only our desires and no more than that, for Atma is beyond all of these.
Then how do we realize that Atman..?
Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 4.4.23 Sloka etad ṛcābhya uktam । eṣa nityo mahimā brāhmaṇasya na vardhate karmaṇā no kanīyān । Translation That (tad) this (etat) spoken (uktam) in the verses (rcabhya). This (esa) eternal (nitya) glory (mahima) of the brAhman (brAhmanasya) (one who is descended from the brahman, who has the evolutionary zeal or evolutionary realization) neither grows (na vardhate) nor reduces (na kaniyan) with actions (karmana)
Meaning This spoken by the verses "…

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Realizing Atma - Part 1

Background Asrama is a dharma, the law of the Universe. Whether one wishes or not they get subjected to this dharma. To be happy, it is better we understand this dharma and align our living to this dharma.

There are four Asramas. Brahmacarya, gRhasta, vanaprastha and saMnyAsa. These are natural development stages in our life.

We grow from being born into adults. This is brahmacarya. In this stage one should maximize learning, because our brains are suited to learn the maximum during this stage.

Then as we grow into adulthood, we enjoy the dharma of the householder. Biologically, urges in us, make us to go for our mate, produce/protect kids, grow them up etc. This is gRhasta. Our body, brain and mind are best suited to do these functions in this stage.

Then we retire from active personal life but will be able to contribute to the best of abilities. This is vanaprastha. Here our body cannot hold the pressures of gRhasta, but to the best of the abilities we can contribute. Our brain can…

Aitareya Upanishad - Sloka 5 (prajnAnAm Brahma)

Aitareya Upanishad  The series of 'jnA' - the 'to know'jnA is knowingpra-jnA means before knowing or the 'first' of knowing, the 'prominent' knowing etc. prajnA is awareness. It is the stage before 'knowing'. It is the 'first' of the series of knowings. A stage of just awareness. prajnA is just the basic awareness with an entity of it being an entity.  Because it is the foremost, first of the knowing, it is called pra-jnA.jnAna is the physically/practically is logically knowing. Here the prefix 'vi' adds stress to the knowing and takes to the next level of 'knowing' which is logically knowing.ajnAnana is not knowing. Sloka 5.1ko 'yam atmeti vayam upasmahe sa atma yena va pasyati yena va srnoti yena va gandhan ajighrati yena va vacam vyakaroti yena va svadu casvadu ca vijanati. Meaning Who this atma worshiped by us..?  Is that one that sees, that hears, that smells the fragrances, that manifests/diffe…

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 1.4.7

Background Atma tore apart Stri, established the 'Svah' (the heavens) which was just AkAsa (empty space or vacuum) and fills the AkAsa wtih Stri. On Stri, all production occurs in pairs.  Stri oscillates and has energy and information. But that energy is not usable or transferable.
From mouth of the Yoni of Stri, Agni, usable/transferable energy comes out. Agni leads to Soma. Soma and Agni lead to best of Devas. Thus from just oscillations immortal devas are produced. Hence this super creation is called 'Brahman'. ati sRsti - Super Creation - Evolution What is ati sRsti..? The Brhadharanyaka Upanishad answers it very clearly. 
atha yad martyaḥ sann amṛtān asṛjata  tasmād ati sṛṣṭiḥ; 
ati sṛṣṭyaṃ ha asyai tasyāṃ bhavati ya evaṃ veda
That which is mortal being so produces immortal beings, therefore it is ati sRsti. It means that which keeps creating higher and higher order beings.  That is ati sRsti.

I called it Super creation. Modern science has given a name to it. It is …

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 1.4.6

Summary till now Atma tore apart Purusha and Stri. It establishes the Sva (the heavens) which was Akasa the empty space or vaccum, so swiftly, like a pea split into half.  Stri becomes filled in vacuum or empty space.  Purusha does not manifest. Stri alone causes manifestation. All matter and beings are born from Stri. Manifestation from Stri occurs in pairs.

Stri 'knows' or has oscillations (information) that becomes the blood of all manifestations. All creations are from Stri and through Stri.  Sloka atha etyabhya manthat, sa mukhācca yoner hastābhyāṃ ca agnim asṛjata;  tasmād etad ubhayam alomakam antarataḥ, alomakā hi yonir antarataḥ |  Translation Then (atha) coming from these (etyabhya) oscillations (to and fro movement) (manthat) and (ca) sa (of the) mouth (mukhA) of the source (yoner) and with the hands (hastAbhyam) agni got produced (agnim asrjata). From that./Therefore (tasmAt) both these (etad ubhayam) have no soft-hair (alomakam)  inside (antaratah).Yoni  al…

Brhadharanyaka Upanishad - Sloka 1.4.5

Summary till now Atma tore apart Purusha and Stri due to 'desire' or 'iccha' to enjoy (rame) and not due to fear. Of these purusha does not have desire to manifest. Stri becomes filled in vacuum or empty space. All matter and beings are born from Stri. Manifestation from Stri occurs in pairs.
Let's stop and reflect back on what we learn in the previous slokas. Tearing apart, Inflation"sa imam eva Atmānaṃ dvedha āpātayat". 
"That this Atma into two flies off/tore apart/expands fast". The word used for what I described as 'tore apart' is 'apAtayat'. apAtayat can be described as flying off, expanded greatly, inflation, falling off etc (essentially moving away fast).
What happens due to this tearing apart or that fast expansion..?
"tasmāt idam ardhabṛgalam iva svaḥ iti ha smāha yājñavalkyaḥ". 
Thereafter (tasmAt) svar (iva svah) is like (iva) this (idam) half-piece (ardha brgalam) indeed (sma) says (aha) yajnjavalkya&quo…