BackgroundBefore I go on with slokas, as a corollary of saMkhya, I wanted to write about prAna pratishta. Whenever we do any puja (Sarasvati, Lakshmi, Ganapati etc) we first do prAna pratishta.
The prAna pratishta mimmicks the Universal evolution process, invokes the establishment of biological functions in the idol, making it a living being and finally invokes the 'aham' in us, in the idol and making it a 'mUrti'.
The process of prAna prathisthA converts an idol into a 'mUrthi'.
'mUrti' means an embodiment. It is a manifestation of divinity in idol and not just the idol of divinity.
The Universal evolution processThe evolution process in Universe follows few steps
1. Fluctuations that lead to symmetry breaking (Rsi)
2. Symmetry breaking leading to building up of next level of matter complexity. For eg. force-fields to particles, particles to atoms and compounds, compounds to life. This classical matter world is guided by Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy and Entropy.
3. Establishment of living beings with biological functions of Creation, sustenance and Destruction processes. Establishment of five critical organ systems towards the three biological functions. These are the pancha-prAna. Establishment of Indriyas, the pathways for senses. These are the ten indriyas.
4. Finally we invoke the 'aham' (self) in us in the Idol and make it the mUrthi.
In the prAna prathistA mantra, the above are invoked in the following way
prAna prathishthA mantra
Fluctuations leading to Symmetry breaking
Brahma (spacetime), Vishnu (Mass, Higgs field), Mahesvara (Energy) are the RSi or symmetry breakers for thermodynamic potentials.
Symmetry breaking at each level leading to more complex matter forms including man-made objects
Rk (Quantum), yajur (Classical), sAma (Living beings), Atharvana (man made objects) are the Chandamsi (expressions) derived by Rsi (symmetry breaking)
The above two are invoked through RSyAdi nyAsa
Potential, Kinetic energy and Entropy
Aam, Hrim, krom - AntaH Karana
These are invoked through kara nyAsa, hrdyadi nyAsa.
Five organ systems for Creation, sustenance and destruction.
prAna sakthi devi or pancha prAna devi
sRshti, sthithi, samhAra kArini
-Three leading functions of pancha prAna devi - ‘tri-nayana lasita’ - Three eyed devi
Invoked through dhyAna mantra
yum, rum, lam, Vam, zam, Sam, sam,Hum, Lam, kSam
Invoked through prAna prathistha mantra
Invoking the 'aham' in us, in the idol.
We recite "aham sah sah aham, aham sah, sah aham"
Let the self 'aham' be in it (in the idol).
Let the self 'aham' be in it (in the idol).
With this the idol becomes mUrthi.
With prAna prathistha mantra, the mUrthi is supposed to have the three leading functions of Creation, Sustenance and Destruction.
Aham-Brahma-asmiBrahman, the evolution, is the only reality of our Universe. Brahman, the evolution is in us. This is conveyed by the maha vAkya 'aham brahma asmi"
In the prAna prathisthA process, finally we invoke the brahman in us, in the idol. That makes it a living entity.
This process of giving pancha-prAna to idol making it a 'mUrthi', mimmicking the Universal evolution process is prAna pratiShtha.
The prAna prathistha mantraThe prAna prathistha mantra has four parts.
1. RsyAdi nyAsa
2. Kara nyAsa
3. HrdayAdi nyAsa
4. dhyAna mantra
5. prAna prathista mantra
nyAsa means depositing or delivering. We deposit/deliver our energies in the idol and invoke our self in the idol.
- First we deposit the symmetry breakers (Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesvara) to the idols
- Then we invoke the potential energy, kinetic energy and entropy that guide the classical thermodynamic evolution of matter forms.
- Then we invoke the endocrine system or chemical messenger/signaling system in the idol
- Then we invoke the organ systems in the idol mimicking it as a biological being.
- Then we recite the pancha-prAna dhyAna mantra that invoke the five critical organ systems required for any being.
- Then we invoke the 10 Indriyas in the idol.
- Then we invoke the self in us, in the idol making it a mUrthi
- Then we pray to the mUrthi to bestow us with goodness
RSyAdi nyAsaIn RSyAdi nyAsa we invoke the RSi and Chanda and deposit/deliver them to the idol. RSi are symmetry breakers
The Rishi, Chanda and Devata
asya Sri Prana Pratishtha Mantrasya
rjyajussama atharvani chandAmsi
sakala jagat sRSti sthiti samhAra kArini prAna sakti parA devatA
Pancha-prAna or the five biological organ systems are the invoked in this procedure. This pancha-prAna is the devata, invoked in this procedure.
Any devata (deva or devi) including the pancha-prAna devi is established in three steps. They are
1. Originated by a Rishi (Symmetry Breaking)
2. Having a specific form or expression (Chanda)
3. The devata with a purpose (Devata)
In science 'Symmetry breaking' occurs when small fluctuations acting on a system break the symmetry of the system, bringing it to a more dis-orderly state. A dis-orderly state is a newer form of expression with more information, more knowledge and it leads to further evolution of matter and beings.
For eg. fluctuations in Spacetime fabric, Energy and Mass of matter establish the potentials of Zero-point energy, Internal Energy, Unavailable Energy, Available Energy and Work done energy.
Thus Brahma (Spacetime), Vishnu (Mass) and Mahesvara (Energy) become the Rsi (symmetry breakers) for the pancha-prAna and establish this devi in all matter and beings.
2. Acquiring a new form or expression of matter - Chandamsi
When symmetry breaks in a system, it leads to a newer form of expression. The form of expression is called Chanda. There are various forms of expressions possible and hence various 'chandas'
When these expressions get together they form several levels of complex forms. These levels of complex forms are called 'chandmsi'
- Forces and Particles at Quantum level are Rk.
- Elements, Compounds that sacrificed to evolve higher order of matter and beings are Yajus.
- Organic compounds that sustain signaling and biological life are sAma. SAma is the song of life.
- Materials that human beings create are Atharvana.
3. The pancha-prAna devi is present in all levels of complex expressions (chandAmsi), from Quantum (Rk), Classical (Yajus), Biological (sAma) and man-made (Atharvana). In biological beings (sAma) she is present as five organ systems (pancha prAna) that does creation, sustenance and destruction. She is established through this procedure of prAna prathisthA.
Defining the Seed, Action and SupportThe procedure itself starts with invoking the three 'antaH-karana', the three internal instruments in every thermodynamic matter and biological system.
In Thermodynamic parlance, potential is seed. Kinetic is the action. Entropy is the central support that connects potential to Kinetic.
In biological parlance, seed is the organ that originated first. Hri are those that execute some important actions. Kro is those that connect the Seed organs and action executing organs.
nyAsanyAsa means depositing or delivering. Now we start depositing or delivering our biological functions into the idol.
The very first function that we deliver or deposit to idol are the signaling systems which is the basic necessity of life.
Life and Matter differ in that, that life has signaling. Matter has no signaling.
But how does our hand denote the signaling..? Why are hands used to deposit the Signaling onto the idol..?
Hands represent pre-natal development of signalingOur palm, fingers and their lengths represent some of the pre-natal developments in our body. An example is digit ratio of our hands.
For eg. the digit ratio, the ratio of Index finger to Ring Finger represents the exposure of testosterone levels in the pre-natal period. Thus the digit ratio represents several things like Autism, Masculinity, mathematical, spatial abilities etc.
A lower digit ratio, which means Ring finger is much longer than the Index finger. This indicates higher levels of testosterone exposure in the end of first trimester of pregnancy. That's why males have a lower digit ratio compared to females.
But when the digit ratio becomes much lower than average of males, such an excess testosterone exposure is correlated with Autism and ADHD. When the digit ratio is average or slightly lower digit ratio than average, such people excel in mathematics, sports etc.
People with average or slightly lower digit ratio, with slightly excess testosterone levels also make good 'lovers'. This could be the reason why Ring finger is often associated with 'Love'. They myth of Vena amoris might have started from this mis-understanding.
In females, women with lower digit ratio tend to have more masculinity, due to higher levels of testosterone exposure.
The five types of signaling
There are five types of signaling in a human body. They are
- Intracrine signaling produced by the target cell itself for internal purposes
- Autocrine signaling produced by target cell for it self, but they signaling goes out to neighboring cells also.
- Juxtacrine signaling produced for all adjacent cells (often called “contact-dependent” signaling).
- Paracrine signaling produced for those in the vicinity of the original emitting cell (ex. synaptic signaling in brain).
- Endocrine signaling produced for long range communication, transmitted through blood.
Aam angushtabhyam Namah
Hrim Tarjanibhyam namah
Krom madhyamApyam namah
Aam anamikabhyam namah
Hrim kanishtikabhyam namah
Krom karatala karaprShthabhyam namah
The endocrine signaling is represented by the ratio of Index finger (Shakti) to Ring finger (Seed). If 'Seed/Ring' finger is longer, the person has higher levels of testosterone.
With Thumb, Index finger and Middle finger, With Ring finger, little finger and Palm, we deposit/deliver/invoke the signaling system in the idol.
The Signaling system is the first system to be established in any biological being.
Aam Hrdayaya namah
Hrim Sirase Swaha
Krom ShikhAyai vaSaT
Aam kavasaya hum
Hrim netra tryaya vauSat
Krom astrAya phatt
Bhur Bhuvas Svar Aum
pancha-prAna dhyAna mantraA dhyAna mantra describes the divinity that we want to invoke in us. pancha-prAna dhyAna mantra describes the pancha-prAna devi.
Raktambodhistha Potollasadrunasarojadhiruda Karabjai:|
Pasham Kodanda mikshudbhava Gunam apya amkushum PanchabaNan|
BibhraNashrk kapaala trinayanalasita pIna Vak shoruhaDhya |
Devi BalakarvarNa Bhavatu Sukhakari Prana Shakti Para Na:|
Situated (Sta) in the awakening (bodhi) of the plasmic blood (raktAm) - Circulatory system
Becomes visible (ullas) in rectum (poTa) - Excretory system
Seated (sad) in digestive fire (aruNa) - Digestive system
Born (ja) in the fluid (saras) - Respiratory system
Ascending (adhiruda) on the elephant trunk-born/Brain (karabjai) - Central Nervous system
Situated in Circulatory system, becomes visible in the excretory system, Seated in the digestive fire, born in the respiratory system, ascending on top of the central nervous system
These five organ systems are the fundamental organ systems for living beings.
pAsam - pAsam means the binding one. Internal energy is one that binds and makes a system in the thermodynamic potentials
kodanda is bow. Bow represents the Work done Energy, which is pressure * volume. Bow works by applying pressure, expanding volume, which is the work done to release the arrow.
mikS udbhava gunam - Generating/Sprouting from a mixture - This is the Gibbs free energy that sprouts from mixture of chemical reactions.
apya agkushum - The agKusha (controller) of photonic fluid (apya). Apa are photons or bosons. Apya are photonic /bosonic fluid. The controller of Bosonic matter is zero-point energy.
bibhraNa asrk kapAlam - Holder of bloody skull - Skull or Skeleton is the energy that cannot be used. It is the unavailable energy.
Having the Internal energy, Handling the Work done energy, Characteristics of Gibbs free energy, Controlling energy of Bosonic matter (Zero point energy) and Carrying the unavailable energy as the five arrows/missiles
Playing three leading functions of Creation, Sustenance, Destruction (tri-nayana lasita)
Richly endowed with round breasts/nourishing mounts (pIna vaksa ruha Adhya)
The devi glowing as a young light before the sun (Devi Bala arka varna), Pleasant doer (sukha kari), the prAna sakthi the best in us (prAna sakthi parA nah)
pancha-prAna devi is young light before the sun. She is the seed of the fire rather than the fire itself. She is the pleasant doer. That prAna sakthi is the best of all things we possess. She has the five energy potentials as her weapons. She exists in five biological functions. She does Creation, Sustenance and Destruction. She nourishes all matter and beings.
prAna prathistha mantra
Aam Hrim Krom| am yam rum lum wam Zam Sham Sam Ham Lum Ksham Aah:
Hamsa: Sa aham: Sa aham Hamsah
'Aham Sah - Sah Aham', means the 'Self' in me, let it become that in the Idol. We are invoking our 'self' in the idol and making it a mUrti.
asyam murthau jIvasthistathu
asyam murthau sarva indriyani vAg manas tvac cakSu Zrotra grhAna vac paNi pAda pAyu upasthAni iha agatya
svasti sukham ziram thistanthu svAha
Let all indriyas including 5 organs of entropy, 5 organs of karma, Manas come here auspiciously.
Let the pleasant consciousness existing here consume it
What was an idol now has become mUrthi with life. An idol is just made of a material. A mUrthi is supposed to have 'life' due to prAna prathistha. To this mUrthi we offer flowers and water.
(saying it we offer flowers and water to the mUrthi).
asunite punar asma asu cakSu punah prAnam iha no dhehi bhogam
jyok pasya ima sUrya mucarantam anumate mRLaya nah svasti
Return us our prAna, oh prudent one, return our sight, our prAna our body of enjoyment; Long may we see the Sun's beginning and end, allowing auspiciousness and favors to us.
The above is from Rk veda Mandala 10 Hymn 59 Verse 6. We recite it asking for our prAna to be returned us with favors for body of enjoyment from the mUrthi.
We invoked in the idol our 'Self', our 'Indriyas', our 'organ systems', our 'pancha-prAna'. The idol has become mUrthi and come to life.
Now we are asking the Self, Indriyas, Organ systems to be returned to us, as the mUrti has become all powerful.
san nihito bhavah
san nirudho bhavah
Let (the pancha prAna) be Invoked.
Let (the pancha prAna) be established.
Let (the pancha prAna) be fixed.
Let (the pancha prAna) fill up
Let (the pancha prAna) surround/cover
Let (the pancha prAna) become dear
Let (the pancha prAna) be well expressed
Let (the pancha prAna) be giving cheer
Let (the pancha prAna) be giving boons
Let (the pancha prAna) be accomplished; accomplished.